The upper respiratory tract (upper airway) consists of the nose, mouth, sinuses, pharynx (upper section of the throat), and voice box (larynx). The lower respiratory tract consists of the windpipe (trachea), bronchial tubes, and lungs. The bronchial tubes carry air into the lungs and branch into smaller and smaller bronchioles. These end in alveoli (air sacs).
The main function of the respiratory system is to supply the blood with oxygen so the blood can deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. The respiratory system does this through breathing.
Current as of: June 9, 2019
Author: Healthwise Staff E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Robert L. Cowie, MB, ChB, MD, MSc, FCP(SA), MFOM - Pulmonology
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Robert L. Cowie, MB, ChB, MD, MSc, FCP(SA), MFOM - Pulmonology