potassium iodide

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potassium iodide

Pronunciation: poe TAH see um EYE oh dide
Brand: Pima

What is the most important information I should know about potassium iodide?

Tell your doctor and dentist that you are taking this medication before having surgery or taking other medicines.

What is potassium iodide?

Potassium iodide is the potassium salt form of iodide, a naturally occurring substance.

Potassium iodide is an expectorant. It thins mucus secretions in the respiratory tract that may be caused by chronic respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Potassium iodide is also used to protect the thyroid gland from radiation injury before and following administration of radioactive iodide (e.g., for diagnostic purposes) and in radiation emergencies (e.g., accidental exposure to radiation).

Potassium iodide may also be used for purposes other than those listed here.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking potassium iodide?

Before taking potassium iodide, talk to your doctor if you have

  • a history of previous allergic reaction to iodide, iodine, or other medicines;
  • Addison's disease;
  • dehydration;
  • a high level of potassium in the blood (hyperkalemia);
  • cystic fibrosis;
  • tuberculosis;
  • thyroid problems;
  • goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland); or
  • kidney problems.

You may not be able to take potassium iodide, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment.

nopreg Potassium iodide is in the FDA pregnancy category D. This means that it is known to be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not take potassium iodide without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment.
nobrfeed Potassium iodide passes into breast milk and may affect a nursing baby. Do not take potassium iodide without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take potassium iodide?

Take potassium iodide exactly as directed. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist to explain them to you.

To ensure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist where you can get one.

Take the oral solution with water or another beverage as directed by your doctor.

It is important to take potassium iodide regularly to get the most benefit.

Your doctor may want you to have blood tests or other medical evaluations during treatment with potassium iodide to monitor progress and side effects.

rt Store potassium iodide at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and only take the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose of this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

What happens if I overdose?

emt Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Symptoms of a potassium iodide overdose are not known.

What should I avoid while taking potassium iodide?

Tell your doctor and dentist that you are taking this medication before having surgery or taking other medicines.

What are the possible side effects of potassium iodide?

emt Stop taking potassium iodide and seek emergency medical attention if you experience a rare but serious allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives).

Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take potassium iodide and talk to your doctor if you experience

  • nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, or stomach pain;
  • mild skin rash; or
  • a metallic taste in the mouth.

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect potassium iodide?

Potassium iodide may interact with other medications. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any other prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products, during treatment with potassium iodide.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist has additional information about potassium iodide written for healthcare professionals that you may read.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

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