Superovulation is the production of many mature eggs in one menstrual cycle, usually triggered by a medicine that stimulates the ovaries. Such medicines include clomiphene, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and gonadotropins.
Superovulation with gonadotropins or FSH is watched closely to prevent severe ovarian hyperstimulation, a potentially life-threatening condition.
Superovulation increases the likelihood of conception, but it also increases the risk of becoming pregnant with more than one fetus, such as twins or triplets.
Medical Review:Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology