Renin is an enzyme produced by the kidneys that helps control blood pressure. Renin works by activating other chemicals to narrow (constrict) blood vessels, which increases blood pressure; a decrease in renin levels helps lower blood pressure.
Normally, this mechanism keeps blood pressure within a healthy range. But some people develop chronic high blood pressure (hypertension). When this occurs, medicines may be used that block the action of renin on blood vessels.
Medical Review:Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Alan C. Dalkin, MD - Endocrinology and Metabolism