Dr. Mashour’s primary scholarly interest is in consciousness and anesthesia. In his clinical research, he studies intraoperative awareness and has conducted several major randomized controlled trials. In his laboratory, he investigates the interfaces of sleep and anesthesia. More recently, his laboratory has collaborated with Jimo Borjigin to investigate potential neural correlates of consciousness during the process of dying. Finally, his theoretical research group explores network science approaches to assessing consciousness and anesthesia.