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University of Michigan partners with doctors in India to advance trauma care, research

Collaboration will allow exchange of ideas and personnel as India works to build a network of trauma centers across the country

Above: A group portrait taken during the U-M delegation's visit to New Delhi in February 2012.
Below: A typical Indian Traffic Jam. (Photo by joiseyshowaa courtesy of Flickr)










 ANN ARBOR, Mich. - The University of Michigan Health System is teaming up with one of India’s top academic medical programs to collaborate on trauma care research and to foster exchanges of medical personnel and ideas.

The alliance with the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) marks the first such partnership between academic medical programs in the U.S. and India around trauma care, says trauma surgeon Krishnan Raghavendran, M.D. an associate professor of surgery in the Division of Acute Care Surgery at the U-M Medical School.

Raghavendran was part of a delegation from the U-M Medical School that traveled to New Delhi in late February to discuss the nascent venture.

The group – which also included Steven Kunkel, Ph.D., senior associate dean for research and Kevin Chung, M.D., M.S., assistant dean for instructional faculty and associate director of Global REACH – toured the Jai Prakash Narayan Trauma Center at AIIMS and met with high-ranking government officials, including the minister of Health and Family Welfare, the director general of Health Services and members of the National Disaster Management Authority.

Both sides have a lot to gain, Raghavendran explains.

India has grown rapidly in recent decades, but its medical infrastructure hasn’t kept pace with its increasingly packed highways and byways. Motor vehicle crashes kill more than 150,000 people in each year.

According to the Indian trauma center’s website, someone dies in a traffic accident every two minutes – with 2 out of 5 patients perishing because treatment could not be provided in time.

“It’s a monumental problem and we’re eager to help AIIMS and the government of India to develop a network of more than 140 trauma centers around the country,” Raghavendran says. “U-M is verified as a Level 1 Pediatric and Adult Trauma Center and a Burn Center by the American College of Surgeons. We’re bringing a lot of experience and proven protocols to the table, along with a very robust program of basic and clinical science research.”

Michael W. Mulholland, M.D., Ph.D., chair of the Department of Surgery and Frederick A. Coller Distinguished Professor of Surgery, says there’s no need for India to go through the same growing pains as the U.S. when building a national trauma system.

“We’re hoping to help them accelerate that process,” Mulholland says. “At the same time, India is more than three times as populous as the U.S. and sees a different mix of cases than we see – which presents a great opportunity for research collaboration.

The alliance helps fulfill U-M’s mission to facilitate health research, education and collaboration with global partners for the benefit of communities worldwide. Along with potential training opportunities for medical students, residents, nurses and doctors in both hemispheres, there are hopes of one day establishing a joint institute for trauma research.

Already, Raghavendran (left) says, U-M has recommended that trauma centers in India adopt protocols to help prevent pneumonia in patients on ventilators and to reduce antibiotic resistance by more narrowly targeting antibiotic use in patients.

“Both sides are very excited about the potential opportunities that may develop from this collaboration,” he adds.



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