Why does one person who tries cocaine get addicted, and another does not? Why do some people who kick a drug habit stay clean, but others relapse? The answers to these questions may have a lot to do with specific genetic factors that vary from individual to individual, a new study in rats suggests.
As America battles an epidemic of deaths from misused pain pills, a new study suggests an inexpensive way to cut risky use of these drugs by people who have a high chance of overdosing. And it could happen exactly where many patients get those drugs in the first place: the emergency room of their local hospital.
Want to know if your child’s height and weight are on track? Check the growth chart that the doctor gives you after each yearly checkup. Want to know if your child’s brain is on track for healthy attention abilities? Someday, your doctor might have a growth chart for that too, thanks to U-M research.
People with diabetes who rely on insulin have seen the cost of that drug triple in just a decade -- even as doctors have prescribed higher doses to drive down their blood sugar levels. Meanwhile, the cost of other diabetes drugs has stayed about the same or even gone down.
Like an endlessly repeating video loop, horrible memories plague people with post-traumatic stress disorder. But a new study in veterans shows the promise of mindfulness training for enhancing the ability to manage those thoughts if they come up. It also shows the veterans’ brains changed in ways that could help switch off that endless loop.
What happens when doctors misbehave? The answer depends a lot on which state they practice in, a new U-M study shows. In fact, the percentage of doctors who get disciplined or pay a malpractice claim is four times less in some states than the percentage in other states.
Think your DNA is all human? Think again. And a new discovery suggests it’s even less human than scientists previously thought. Nineteen new pieces of DNA -- left by viruses that first infected our ancestors hundreds of thousands of years ago -- have just been found, lurking between our own genes.
If you want to harness the full power of stem cells, all you might need is an eraser -- in the form of a U-M-developed drug. If you use it right, it can erase the tiny labels that tell cells where to start reading important chapters in DNA, and allow them to regain the potential to become anything.
If you want to beat a fearsome enemy, you must first learn to think like them. If you do, you can predict their next move – and block it. This advice may work on the battlefield. But scientists also think it will work in humankind’s battle against one of the most dangerous bacteria our bodies can face: Clostridium difficile.
Depression can strike anyone, taking a toll on mental and physical health, friendships, work and studies. But figuring out who’s at risk for it is still a murky task. A new U-M study suggests that standard ways of looking for depression risk may not work as well among blacks as they do among whites.
When you buy a cup of coffee, a load of groceries, an airline ticket or a tank of gas these days, you probably pull out a customer loyalty card without even thinking about it. Could a health system loyalty card be next?
Once you’ve made it through lung cancer treatment, you want to make sure you catch it early if it comes back again. But a new study suggests that one approach to watching for a cancer’s return is being inappropriately used at many hospitals. And it isn’t helping patients survive longer.
They may dream of becoming doctors, and helping people like themselves. But for young people with disabilities, that dream may die when they check the admissions standards of most medical schools, according to a new U-M-led study.
One of the most common cancer-causing genes has continuously stymied researchers’ efforts to develop treatments against it. Now, researchers have dug deeper and exposed a key interaction that may contribute to why mutations in KRAS lead to cancer.
When it comes to prescription painkillers, the difference between controlling pain and dying from an overdose may come down to how strong a prescription the doctor wrote, according to a new study in veterans.
Marijuana use over time is associated with remembering fewer words from a list, but it did not appear to affect other areas of cognitive function in a study of men and women followed up over 25 years, a new study finds.
You wouldn’t think that two Turkish children, some yeast and a bunch of Hungarian fruit flies could teach scientists much. But in fact, that unlikely combination has just helped an international team make a key discovery about how the brain’s “garbage disposal” process works — and how little needs to go wrong in order for it to break down.
A new study reveals previously unknown risk factors associated with an eye condition that causes serious progressive nearsightedness at a relatively young age. The findings, made through the largest-ever clinical study of the condition called keratoconus, could help more people receive newer treatments that can slow the problem and protect their vision.
early every girl and woman on Earth carries two X chromosomes in nearly every one of her cells – but one of them does (mostly) nothing. That’s because it’s been silenced, keeping most of its DNA locked up and unread like a book in a cage. Scientists thought they had figured out how cells do this, but a new piece of U-M research shows the answer isn’t quite that clear.
Although obesity rates were higher among African-American and Hispanic kids, the relationship disappeared when factoring in family income. Fewer resources like places to exercise and access to full service grocery stores appear to have a greater impact on the nation’s childhood obesity rate than race.